1 samuel 2 commentary
By strength shall no man prevail - Because God is omnipotent, and no power can be successfully exerted against him. And as the earth is known to contain a surface of five thousand five hundred and seventy-five billions of square feet; hence, allowing two thousand one hundred and sixty pounds to each square foot, the whole surface of the globe must sustain a pressure of atmospheric air equal to twelve trillions and forty-one thousand billions of pounds; or six thousand and twenty-one billions of tons. It was their not hearkening that induced the Lord to will their destruction. Read 1 Samuel 2 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). Where religion is established by law, the strictest ecclesiastical discipline should be kept up, and all hireling priests and ecclesiastical drones should be expelled from the Lord's vineyard. The opening chapters of 1 Samuel provide background for the institution of Israel’s monarchy. This was iniquity and arrogance of the first magnitude. This pressure, independently of what is called gravity, is sufficient to keep all the parts of the earth together, and perhaps to counteract all the influence of centrifugal force. (1-2) Thanksgiving and praise. Are we rich? 2 Samuel 1. Christ is that merciful and faithful High Priest, whom God raised up when the Levitical priesthood was thrown off, who in all things did his Father's mind, and for whom God will build a sure house, build it on a rock, so that hell cannot prevail against it. Why do ye such things! As he did this with a pious disposition of mind, it was called ministering unto the Lord. Are we poor? It is thus constantly used in the Bible, and was so used among the heathens. Shall come and crouch to him - Shall prostrate himself before him in the most abject manner, begging to be employed even in the meanest offices about the tabernacle, in order to get even the most scanty means of support. ; Therefore God purposed to destroy them." These men divided this book into two parts. Paraphrastically expressed by Mr. Francis: -. And Hannah prayed, and said - The Chaldee very properly says, And Hannah prayed in the spirit of prophecy; for indeed the whole of this prayer, or as it may be properly called oracular declaration, is a piece of regular prophecy, every part of it having respect to the future, and perhaps not a little - of it declaratory oil the Messiah's kingdom. It happened after this that David inquired of the LORD, saying, “Shall I … As he did this with a pious disposition of mind, it was called ministering unto the Lord. They shall die both of them - Hophni and Phinehas were both killed very shortly after in the great battle with the Philistines in which the Israelites were completely routed, and the ark taken. This is all imaginary; we do not know this compressing celestial fluid; but there is one that answers the same end, which we do know, i.e., the Air, the columns of which press upon the earth in all directions; above, below, around, with a weight of fifteen pounds to every square inch; so that a column of air of the height of the atmosphere, which on the surface of the globe measures one square inch, is known by the most accurate and indubitable experiments to weigh fifteen pounds. For it was twenty years — It is not said that this space of twenty years was all the time of the ark’s abode there, for it continued there from Eli’s time till David’s reign, (2 Samuel 6:2,) which was forty-six years; but that it was so long there before the Israelites were sensible of their sin and misery. The subjects in this chapter seem very much entangled and confused by the wrong position of the verses. - This was a question of the most solemn importance under the old covenant, especially after the death of Moses, the mediator. Thou bringest back hope to desponding minds; And thou addest strength and horns to the poor man. Thus, the Song of Hannah serves as ‘a thematic and structural introduction to Samuel'” (Tsumara, 135, quoting R.C. For the pillars of the earth are the Lord's - He is almighty, and upholds all things by the word of his power. 1 Samuel 2:6. Thus the Septuagint suppose that the song of Hannah was composed when she brought Samuel to present him to the Lord; and as soon as she had completed this fine ode, she delivered him into the hands of Eli the high priest, and the child entered immediately on his ministration, under the direction and instructions of Eli. 2 Samuel 1. Eli's reproof was far too mild and gentle. This clause is wanting in the Complutensian Polyglot, but it is in the edition of Aldus, in that of Cardinal Caroffa, and in the Codex Alexandrinus. Hannah was also a prophetess of the first class, besides predicting her own fruitfulness, 1 Samuel 2:5, (for she bore six children in all, 1 Samuel 2:21;), she foretold not only the more immediate judgments of God upon the Philistines during her son's administration, 1 Samuel 2:10, but his remoter judgments 'upon the ends of the earth,' 1 Samuel 2:10, in the true spirit of the prophecies of Jacob, Balaam, and Moses. Samuel, being devoted to the Lord in a special manner, was from a child employed about the sanctuary in the services he was capable of. In some parts of England the word helling is used for the covers of a book, the slating of a house, etc. Without this, there could be no respiration for man or beast, and no circulation of the blood in any animal. These pillars or compressors are an astonishing provision made by the wisdom of God for the necessities of the globe. 1 and 2 Samuel form one book in the ancient Hebrew manuscripts. The writer wrote the book in the *Hebrew language. Jehovah shall judge the ends of the earth; And he shall give strength to his King. The Lord killeth - God is the arbiter of life and death; he only can give life, and he only has a right to take it away. At first glance this text about Samuel’s early years seems not to provide many resources for preaching and teaching. 1 Samuel 2:5. She looks beyond the gift, and praises the Giver. Sidlow Baxter - In the Hebrew manuscripts, 1 and 2 Samuel form but one book, as also do 1 and 2 Kings and 1 and 2 Chronicles. 1 Samuel 2:1. Eli's reprehensible remissness towards his sons in not restraining them in their great profligacy, 1 Samuel 2:22-26. 1 Samuel 2:7. the whole of this hymn is written in hemistich or poetic lines. Your sin is immediately against God himself, and is the highest insult that can be offered, because it is in the matter of his own worship, therefore ye may expect his heaviest judgments. This is a very long addition, and appears to be taken from Jeremiah 9:23, but on collating the two places the reader will find the words to be materially different. And Hannah prayed and said: “My heart rejoices in the LORD; My horn is exalted in the LORD. I smile at my enemies, Because I rejoice in Your salvation. And the allusion thereto by Zacharias, the father of the Baptist, in his hymn, Luke 1:69, where he calls Christ a 'horn of salvation,' and the beautiful imitation of it by the blessed Virgin throughout in her hymn, Luke 1:46-55, furnishing the finest commentary thereon, clearly prove that Hannah in her rejoicing had respect to something higher than Peninnah her rival, or to the triumphs of Samuel, or even of David himself; the expressions are too magnificent and sublime to be confined to such objects. Kettle - caldron, or pot - We know not what these were, nor of what capacity; nor is it of any consequence. 1832. After the clause, The adversaries of the Lord shall be broken to pieces, the Septuagint add the following words: Μη καυχασθω ὁ φρονιμος εν τῃ φρονησει αυτου, κ. τ. λ. 1 Samuel 2:1. At this Eli connived, and thus honored his sons above God. Their most execrable conduct, described 1 Samuel 2:13-17, caused the people to abhor the Lord's offering. This prophecy looks to the kingdom of Christ, that kingdom of grace, of which Hannah speaks, after having spoken largely of the kingdom of providence. 1 Samuel 2 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/1-samuel-2.html. 1 Samuel 2:10. The Israelites earnestly beg Samuel … There came a man of God - Who this was we know not, but the Chaldee terms him דיי נביא nebiya daya, a prophet of Jehovah. This video is unavailable. Hannah prayed, and said--Praise and prayer are inseparably conjoined in Scripture ( Colossians 4:2, 1 Timothy 2:1).This beautiful song was her tribute of thanks for the divine goodness in answering her petition. Honourest thy sons above me - Permitting them to deal, as above, with the offerings and sacrifices, and take their part before the fat, etc., was burnt unto the Lord: thus they were first served. Μη καυχασθω ὁ φρονιμος εν τῃ φρονησει αυτου, κ. τ. λ. Και κατελιπεν αυτον εκει ενωπιον Κυριου· και απηλθεν εις Αραματαια, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. 1 Samuel 2:5 [They that were] full have hired out themselves for bread; and [they that were] hungry ceased: so that the barren hath born seven; and she that hath many children is waxed feeble.. Ver. Men abhorred the offering - As the people saw that the priests had no piety, and that they acted as if there was no God; they despised God's service, and became infidels. CHAPTER 2. He will not have sodden flesh - He chooses roast meat, not boiled; and if they had it in the pot before the servant came, he took it out that it might be roasted. "This admirable hymn excels in simplicity of composition, closeness of connection, and uniformity of sentiment; breathing the pious effusions of a devout mind, deeply impressed with a conviction of God's mercies to herself in particular, and of his providential government of the world in general; exalting the poor in spirit or the humble-minded, and abasing the rich and the arrogant; rewarding the righteous, and punishing the wicked. Hannah's heart rejoiced, not in Samuel, but in the Lord. Any rock — Thou only art a sure defence and refuge to all that flee to thee. 1 Samuel 2:5. In general, none are more abandoned than the degenerate children of godly persons, when they break through restraints. Read 1 Samuel 13:14. nor would an angel show Him; They would not know, nor choose to know Him.". ", In the best MSS. The former sentiment is probably the most correct. They lay with the women that assembled - It is probable that these were persons who had some employment about the tabernacle. 1. And here is the first time that we meet with the name MESSIAH, or his Anointed. 2 Samuel 2 – David and the War with Ishbosheth A. God made us rich, which is a good reason why we should be thankful, and serve him cheerfully, and do good with the abundance he gives us. Because the Lord would slay them - The particle כי ki, which we translate because, and thus make their continuance in sin the effect of God's determination to destroy them, should be translated therefore, as it means in many parts of the sacred writings. "He kills and commands to give life; he causes to descend into Sheol, that in the time to come he may bring them into the lives of eternity," i.e., the life of shame and everlasting contempt, and the life of glory. Hannah's prophetic hymn, 1 Samuel 2:1-10. The message of God to Eli, and the prophecy of the downfall of his family, and slaughter of his wicked sons Hophni and Phinehas, 1 Samuel 2:27-36. But if a man sin against the Lord, who shall entreat for him? He will keep the feet of his saints - He will order and direct all their goings, and keep them from every evil way. For to Jehovah belong the pillars of the earth, And upon them he hath placed the globe. My mouth is incited over mine enemies, For I have rejoiced in thy salvation. 1. Iscriviti a Prime Ciao, Accedi Account e liste Accedi Account e liste Ordini Iscriviti a Prime Carrello. David does not commend Saul for what he was not; and says nothing of his piety or goodness. Peninnah had children, but Hannah had none. Study the bible online using commentary on 1 Samuel 2 and more! Let Eli's example excite parents earnestly to strive against the beginnings of wickedness, and to train up their children in the nurture and admonition of the Lord. Wherefore the sin of the young men was very great - That is, Hophni and Phinehas, the sons of Eli. Eli is aged, both … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Samuel 3:1-10 [11-20]" A national priesthood, when the foundation is right, may be a great blessing; but if the priesthood becomes corrupt, though the foundation itself stand sure, the corruption of the national manners will be the unavoidable consequence. 5. See Noldius's Particles, where the very text in question is introduced: Sed non auscultarunt, etc., Ideo voluit Jehova eos interficere; "But they would not hearken, etc. The bows of the mighty - The Targum considers the first verse as including a prophecy against the Philistines; the second verse, against Sennacherib and his army; the third, against Nebuchadnezzar and the Chaldeans; the fourth, against the Greeks; the fifth, against Haman and his posterity; and the tenth, against Magog, and the enemies of the Messiah. Any rock like our God - Rabbi Maimon has observed that the word צור tsur, which we translate rock, signifies, when applied to Jehovah, fountain, source, spring. Those young people who serve God as well as they can, he will enable to improve, that they may serve him better. This led him to indulge his children, without using parental authority to restrain and correct them when young. Should walk before me for ever - See Exodus 29:9; Exodus 40:15; Numbers 25:10-13, where it is positively promised that the priesthood should be continued in the family of Aaron For Ever. Maketh rich - Some he can trust, and therefore makes them stewards of his secular bounty. Farther account of Samuel, and of the Divine blessing on Elkanah and Hannah, 1 Samuel 2:18-21. Without this, water could not rise in fountains, nor the sap in vegetables. Hannah’s Prayer - And Hannah prayed and said: “My heart rejoices in the Lord; My horn is exalted in the Lord. Nimirum famelici esse, to be still hungry; they were "filled with good things," as Luke 1:53. Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible. Commentary on 1 Samuel 2:11-26 (Read 1 Samuel 2:11-26) Samuel, being devoted to the Lord in a special manner, was from a child employed about the sanctuary in the services he was capable of. The subjects of Christ's kingdom will be safe, and the enemies of it will be ruined; for the Anointed, the Lord Christ, is able to save, and to destroy. And shall exalt the horn of his Messiah. Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient. - Eli appears to have been a fondly affectionate, easy father, who wished his sons to do well, but did not bring them under proper discipline, and did not use his authority to restrain them. Kindle Store. The words pillars of the earth, ארץ מצקי metsukey erets, Mr. Parkhurst translates and defends thus: "The compressors of the earth; i.e., the columns of the celestial fluid which compress or keep its parts together." “There is no one holy like the LORD; there is no one besides you; there is no Rock like our God. The wicked shall be silent in darkness - The Targum understands this of their being sent to the darkness of hell; they shall be slain. 9:1-15:35 The choice of David, his struggles with Saul, Saul’s ruin at last, and the opening of the way for David to the throne, 1 Sam. To utter this hymn Hannah was raised by divine inspiration, while she was engaged in devout meditation on the extraordinary goodness of God to her. He bringeth down to the grave - The Hebrew word שאול sheol, which we translate grave, seems to have the same meaning in the Old Testament with ἁδης, hades in the New, which is the word generally used by the Septuagint for the other. He shall walk before mine Anointed - He shall minister before Solomon, and the kings which shall reign in the land. Jehovah killeth, and maketh alive; He bringeth down to the grave, and bringeth up. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 2:4". God's work shall never fall to the ground for want of hands to carry it on. An impious priesthood is the grand cause of the transgressions and ruin of any nation; witness France, Germany, Spain, Ac., from 1792 to 1814. Bibliography InformationClarke, Adam. And did I choose him - The high priesthood was a place of the greatest honor that could be conferred on man, and a place of considerable emolument; for from their part of the sacrifices they derived a most comfortable livelihood. Those who allow their children in any evil way, and do not use their authority to restrain and punish them, in effect honour them more than God. Let not the wise man glory in his wisdom and let not the rich man glory in his riches; but let him who glorieth rather glory in this, that he understandeth and knoweth the Lord; and that he executeth judgment and righteousness in the midst of the earth. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 2:11-26 Samuel, being devoted to the Lord in a special manner, was from a child employed about the sanctuary in the services he was capable of. To set them among princes - There have been many cases where, in the course of God's providence, a person has been raised from the lowest and most abject estate to the highest; from the plough to the imperial dignity: from the dungeon to the throne; from the dunghill to nobility. Samuel anointed David in 1 Samuel 16, and throughout the rest of the book, all sorts of people endorse David as the coming king: the women who hail David’s victories; Saul’s son Jonathan and his daughter Michal; Abigail the erstwhile wife of … Continue reading "Commentary on 2 Samuel 1:1, 17-27" From Eli it was transferred back again to the family of Eleazar, because of the profligacy of Eli's sons. Jonathan was a dutiful son, Saul … See the note on Hebrews 9:26. This was esteemed an effeminate garment among the Romans. God made us poor, which is a good reason why we should be content, and make up our minds to our condition. This first book gives us a full account of Eli’s fall and Samuel’s rise and good government, 1 Sam. Thou shalt see an enemy in my habitation - Every version and almost every commentator understands this clause differently. They knew not the Lord. All Rights Reserved. (1-10) The wickedness of Eli's sons, Samuel's ministry. See Buxtorf's Talmudic Lexicon. Hannah’s Prayer - Then Hannah prayed and said: “My heart rejoices in the LORD; in the LORD my horn is lifted high. Girded with a linen ephod - This the Targum translates דבוץ כרדוט אסיר asir cardut debuts, "Girded with a cardit of byssus, or fine linen." As judge, he had power to cast them immediately out of the vineyard, as wicked and unprofitable servants; this he did not, and his and their ruin was the consequence. There is none holy as the Lord — None so perfectly, unchangeably, and constantly holy. John Trapp Complete Commentary. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. 1 Samuel 7:2. 1 Samuel 2:1-11.HANNAH'S SONG IN THANKFULNESS TO GOD. There is no source whence continual help and salvation can arise but our God. Like them, she describes the promised Savior of the world as a King, before there was any king in Israel; and she first applied to him the remarkable epithet Messiah in Hebrew, Christ in Greek, and Anointed in English, which was adopted by David, Nathan, Ethan, Isaiah, Daniel, and the succeeding prophets of the Old Testament; and by the apostles and inspired writers of the New. (1-4a) David, king of Judah. After a narrative on the Hannah’s unlikely pregnancy (1 Samuel 1) and her accompanying prayer (1 Samuel 2), 1 Samuel 3 describes the call narrative for the Israelite leader. The Targum translates it מעא mea, which is the same as the Hebrew gerah, and weighed about sixteen grains of barley. A faithful priest - This seems to have been spoken of Zadok, who was anointed high priest in the room of Abiathar, the last descendant of the house of Eli; see 1 Kings 2:26, 1 Kings 2:27. Hannah prayed — That is, praised God. 1 Samuel 1 – The Birth of Samuel. The word cardut they seem to have borrowed from the Greek χειριδωτος, a tunic, having χειριδας, i.e., sleeves that came down to, or covered, the hands. 1 Samuel & 2 Samuel Commentary (English Edition) eBook: John Wesley: Amazon.it: Kindle Store. "They know! “No one is holy like the Lord, For there is none besides You, Nor is there any rock like our God. In short, both vegetable and animal life depend, under God, on these pillars or compressors of the earth; and were it not for this compressing power, the air contained in the vessels of all plants and animals would by its elasticity expand and instantly rupture all those vessels, and cause the destruction of all animal and vegetable life: but God in his wisdom has so balanced these two forces, that, while they appear to counteract and balance each other, they serve, by mutual dilations and compressions, to promote the circulation of the sap in vegetables, and the blood in animals. The foot of his saints he shall keep, And the wicked shall be silent in darkness; For by strength shall no man prevail. David Guzik commentary on 1 Samuel 22, where David goes hiding in the cave of Adullam, and Saul murders Ahimelech and the other priests. 1 Samuel 2:2. Their division into two books each, as we now have them, originates with the so-called Septuagint translation of the Hebrew Scriptures into Greek, said to have been made in the third century B.C. Dr. Hales has some very good observations on this prophetic song. 1 Samuel 2 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this verse-by-verse commentary contain gems of information found nowhere outside the ancient Jewish writings They that are full have hired out themselves for bread Such as have been full of the good things of this life have been stripped of all, and reduced to such circumstances as to be obliged to hire themselves out to persons to labour under them for their bread. There is none holy like Jehovah, For there is none besides thee; There is no rock like our God. She rejoiced in the salvation of the Lord, and in expectation of His coming, who is the whole salvation of his people. He received a … The calamity which he saw was the defeat of the Israelites, the capture of the ark, the death of his wicked sons, and the triumph of the Philistines. On this circumstance the following elegant couplet was made: -. All this he saw, that is, knew to have taken place, before he met with his own tragical death. 1 Samuel 2:8. It became afterwards established in the younger branch of the family of Aaron; for Eli was a descendant of Ithamar, Aaron's youngest son. 2 Samuel 1 – David Mourns the Death of Saul A. David learns of Saul and Jonathan’s deaths. It should also be noted that the Song of Hannah in 1 … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Samuel 2:18-20, 26" (27-36). A morsel of bread - A mouthful; what might be sufficient to keep body and soul together. 1. 1 Samuel 2:1 Horn here symbolizes strength; also in verse 10.; 1 Samuel 2:17 Dead Sea Scrolls and Septuagint; Masoretic Text people; 1 Samuel 2:20 Dead Sea Scrolls; Masoretic Text and asked from; 1 Samuel 2:25 Or the judges; 1 Samuel 2:29 The Hebrew is plural. Hannah's song of thanksgiving. 1 Samuel 2:3. The tradition, as we have seen, was founded principally on Balaam's second and third prophecies, Numbers 24:7-17; and we cannot but admire that gracious dispensation of spiritual gifts to Hannah (whose name signifies grace) in ranking her among the prophets who should first unfold a leading title of the blessed Seed of the woman. They formerly pampered themselves, and fed to the full on the Lord's sacrifices; and now they are reduced to a morsel of bread. In religious establishments, vile persons, who have no higher motive, may and do get into the priest's office, that they may clothe themselves with the wool, and feed themselves with the fat, while they starve the flock. The story is familiar to many of us. Remove all; … He received a blessing from the Lord. Actions are weighed - נתכנו nithkenu, they are directed; it is by his counsel alone that we can successfully begin, continue, or end, any work. And the man of thine - Of this passage Calmet observes: "The posterity of Eli possessed the high priesthood to the time of Solomon; and even when that dynasty was transferred to another family, God preserved that of Eli, not to render it more happy, but to punish it by seeing the prosperity of its enemies, to the end that it might see itself destitute and despised. It is probable that she furnished him with a new one each year, when she came up to one of the annual sacrifices. The adversaries of the Lord shall be broken - Those who contend with him, מריביו meribaiu, by sinning against his laws, opposing the progress of his word, or persecuting his people. Footnotes. Abiathar was removed because he had joined with Adonijah, who had got himself proclaimed king; see 1 Kings 1:7. Do not magnify yourselves, speak not proudly, proudly. Two kings over the people of God. But adding to this all the influence of gravity or attraction, by which every particle of matter tends to the center, these compressors of the earth are sufficient to poise, balance, and preserve the whole terraqueous globe. But where there is no law to back the claims of the worthless and the wicked, men of piety and solid merit only can find support; for they must live on the free-will offerings of the people. My heart exulteth in Jehovah; My horn is exalted in Jehovah. Jehovah shall bruise them who contend with him; Upon them shall be thunder in the heavens. The Targum seems to understand it of death and the resurrection. Hymns of praise are frequently comprehended under the name of prayers. Unto the house of thy father - That is, to Aaron; he was the first high priest; the priesthood descended from him to his eldest son Eleazar, then to Phinehas. He winked at the abuses in the service of the sanctuary till they became customs, and led to abominations; and his sons, who should have taught those that engaged in the service of the sanctuary what was good, solicited them to wickedness. He respects not man's wisdom or fancied excellences, but chooses those whom the world accounts foolish, teaching them to feel their guilt, and to value his free and precious salvation. 1 Samuel 2:9. Jehovah maketh poor, and maketh rich; He bringeth down, and he even exalteth. Any rock … - The term rock as applied to God is first found in the song of Moses (see Deuteronomy 32:4 note), where the juxtaposition of rock and salvation in 1 Samuel 2:15, “he lightly esteemed the rock of his salvation,” seems to indicate that Hannah was acquainted with the song of Moses. When sinners begin to repent and reform, they must expect that Satan will muster all his force against them, and set his instruments at work to the utmost, to oppose and discourage them. He lifteth up the poor from the dust; From the dunghill he exalteth the beggar, To make him sit with the nobles, And inherit the throne of glory. Here the horn means spiritual as well as secular dominion. This shows the depth of the judgments of God and the grandeur of his justice, which extends even to distant generations, and manifests itself to sinners both in life and death; both in their own disgrace, and in the prosperity of their enemies.". See 1 Samuel 4:1-11. In the midst of the sentence against the house of Eli, mercy is promised to Israel. Skip navigation Sign in. The word צר tsar, which we translate an enemy, and the Vulgate aemulum, a rival, signifies calamity; and this is the best sense to understand it in here. Bailey). If one man sin against another - All differences between man and man may be settled by the proper judge; but if a man sin against the Supreme Judge, God himself, who shall reconcile him to his Maker? The bows of the heroes are broken, And the tottering are girded with strength. If they be faithful, the establishment will be an honor to the kingdom, and a praise in the earth. The Targum says, "He shall walk משיחי קדם kodam Meshichi, before my Messiah," and the Septuagint expresses it, ενωπιον Χριστου μον, "before my Christ;" for, in their proper and more extended sense, these things are supposed to belong to our great High Priest and the Christian system: but the word may refer to the Israelitish people. But now - be it far from me - You have walked unworthily; I shall annul my promise, and reverse my ordinance. I shall here produce it in this order, following the plan as exhibited in Kennicott's Bible, with some trifling alterations of our present version: -. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? It is not particularly stated here when Hannah composed or delivered this hymn; it appears from the connection to have been at the very time in which she dedicated her son to God at the tabernacle, though some think that she composed it immediately on the birth of Samuel. None besides — Not only none is so holy as thou art, but in truth there is none holy besides thee; namely entirely, or independently, but only by participation from thee. The meaning may be this: God has spoken good concerning Israel; he will, in the end, make the triumph of the Philistines their own confusion; and the capture of the ark shall be the desolation of their gods; but the Israelites shall first be sorely pressed with calamity. When any man offered sacrifice - That is, when a peace-offering was brought, the right shoulder and the breast belonged to the priest, the fat was burnt upon the altar, and the blood was poured at the bottom of the altar; the rest of the flesh belonged to the offerer. See Jeremiah 18:9, Jeremiah 18:10. The Birth of Samuel. The following words of Horace to his jar are well known, and speak a sentiment very similar to that above: -. 2 He had two wives; one was called Hannah and the other Peninnah. 1 Samuel 2 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. Both the word of Jehovah (2 Samuel 7:4-16) and the words of David (2 Samuel 23:1-7) stress the importance of the God-given kingdom. 1 There was a certain man from Ramathaim, a Zuphite  from the hill country of Ephraim, whose name was Elkanah son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephraimite. 1 Samuel 2:2. 1 John 2:1; is an answer to this question; but it is an answer which the Gospel alone can give: My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not; but if any man sin, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous. Hannah’s ‘song’ and David’s ‘songs’ serve as a frame or inclusio around the entire narrative of 1-2 Samuel. Now as a square foot contains one hundred and forty-four square inches, each foot must be compressed with a weight of incumbent atmospheric air equal to two thousand one hundred and sixty pounds. Let not prevarication come out of your mouth; For the God of knowledge is Jehovah, And by him actions are directed. The abominable conduct of Eli's sons, 1 Samuel 2:12-17. Wherefore kick ye at my sacrifice - They disdained to take the part allowed by law; and would take for themselves what part they pleased, and as much as they pleased, 1 Samuel 2:13-16; : thus they kicked at the sacrifices. If our high priests, our archbishops and bishops, do not their duty, the whole body of the clergy may become corrupt or inefficient. These men were the principal cause of all the ungodliness of Israel. For them that honor me - This is a plan from which God will never depart; this can have no alteration; every promise is made in reference to it; "they who honor God shall be honored; they who despise him shall be lightly esteemed.". There is a play here on Roushen Akhter, which signifies a bright star; and there is an allusion to the history of the patriarch Joseph, because of the similarity of fortune between him and the Mohammedan prince. As he did this with a pious disposition of mind, it was called ministering unto the Lord. My mouth boasts over my enemies, for I delight in your deliverance. We don’t know who wrote the books; certainly, Samuel was a major contributor, but much of the book takes place after his death in 1 Samuel 25. Search. None holy - Holiness is peculiar to the God of Israel; no false god ever pretended to holiness; it was no attribute of heathenism, nor of any religion ever professed in the world before or since the true revelation of the true God. Made him a little coat - קטן מעיל meil katon, a little cloak, or surtout, an upper garment: probably intended to keep him from the cold, and to save his other clothes from being abused in his meaner services. Indeed the learned rabbi, David Kimchi, was so struck with them that he ingenuously confessed that 'the King of whom Hannah speaks is the Messiah,' of whom she spake either by prophecy or tradition; for, continues he, 'there was a tradition among the Israelites, that a great zing should arise in Israel; and she seals up her song with celebrating this King who was to deliver them from all their enemies.' Mine horn is exalted in the Lord - We have often seen that horn signifies power, might, and dominion. Many years later, men translated the Bible into the Greek language (the language of the *New Testament). I will cut off thine arm - I will destroy the strength, power, and influence of thy family. An established religion, where the foundation is good, as is ours, I consider a great blessing; but it is liable to this continual abuse, which nothing but careful and rigid ecclesiastical discipline can either cure or prevent. Samuel ministers to the Lord, 1 Samuel 2:11. Before they burnt the fat - They would serve themselves before God was served! "The Adam Clarke Commentary". 1. Watch Queue Queue. "He was a bright star, but now is become a moon, Joseph is taken from prison, and is become a king.". Watch Queue Queue. A piece of silver - כסף אגורת agorath keseph, translated by the Septuagint, οβολου αργυριου, an obolus of silver. Now it came to pass after the death of Saul, when David had returned from the slaughter of the Amalekites, and David had stayed two days in Ziklag, on the third day, behold, it happened that a man came from Saul’s camp with his clothes torn and dust on his head. Loading... Close. Under pretense of taking only their own part, they took the best of all they chose, and as much as they chose. Shall judge the ends on the earth - His empire shall be extended over all mankind by the preaching of the everlasting Gospel, for to this the afterpart of the verse seems to apply: He shall give strength unto his king, and shall exalt the horn of his Christ, or, as the Targum says, משיחיה מלכות וירבי viribbey malcuth Meshicheyh, "he shall multiply the kingdom of the Messiah." Commentary on 1 Samuel 7:7-12 (Read 1 Samuel 7:7-12) The Philistines invaded Israel. And they that were hungry ceased.] Commentary on 2 Samuel 1:17-27 (Read 2 Samuel 1:17-27) Kasheth, or "the bow," probably was the title of this mournful, funeral song. But although this promise appears to be absolute, yet we plainly see that, like all other apparently absolute promises of God, it is conditional, i.e., a condition is implied though not expressed. Their offence was committed even in offering the sacrifices for sins, which typified the atonement of the Saviour! There shall not be an old man - This is repeated from the preceding verse, all the family shall die in the flower of their years, as is said in the following verse. I will build him a sure house - I will continue the priesthood in his family. And Elkanah went to Ramah - Immediately after the 10th verse, the Septuagint add, Και κατελιπεν αυτον εκει ενωπιον Κυριου· και απηλθεν εις Αραματαια, And she left him there before the Lord, and went unto Arimathea. 1:1-8:22 Of Samuel’s resignation of the government and Saul’s advancement and mal-administration, 1 Sam. See the note on Exodus 38:8, where the Hebrew text is similar to that in this place. 1 Samuel 2:4. Sins against the remedy, the atonement itself, are most dangerous, they tread under foot the blood of the covenant. It means the grave, the state of the dead, and the invisible place, or place of separate spirits. In which scarcely any thing of the meaning is preserved. The strong are soon weakened, and the weak are soon strengthened, when God pleases. Eli blessed Elkanah - The natural place of this verse seems to be before the 11th; after which the 21st should come in; after the 21st, perhaps the 26th should come in. The barren hath borne seven, And she who had many children is greatly enfeebled. The story of Cincinnatus is well known; so is that of the patriarch Joseph; but there is one not less in point, that of Roushen Akhter, who was brought out of a dungeon, and exalted to the throne of Hindustan. ESV Expository Commentary: 1 Samuel–2 Chronicles Volume 3 Series edited by Iain M. Duguid , James M. Hamilton Jr. , Jay Sklar , Contributions by John L. Mackay , J. Gary Millar, John Olley They were not divided into two books until the Old Testament was translated into Greek. (1-4) David hears the news in Ziklag. The law had determined what sins should be punished with death; and it was supposed that there was not any appeal from the decision there pronounced. But it has been chosen for the lectionary because of its parallels with the gospel text for the day regarding Jesus’ boyhood (Luke 2:41-52). The weighed or righteous acts of God are described in 1 Samuel 2:4-8 in great and general traits, as displayed in the government of His kingdom through the marvellous changes which occur in the circumstances connected with the lives of the righteous and the wicked. Passa al contenuto principale. There is none beside thee - There can be but one unoriginated, infinite, and eternal Being; that Being is Jehovah. They fed themselves without fear; and now they have cleanness of teeth in all their dwellings. They wasted the Lord's heritage, and now they beg their bread! The Lord maketh poor - For many cannot bear affluence, and if God should continue to trust them with riches, they would be their ruin. In all the wealth which God shall give Israel - This also is dark. The sons of Eli were sons of Belial - They were perverse, wicked, profligate men; devil's children. A God of knowledge - He is the most wise, teaching all good, and knowing all things. The books of 1 and 2 Samuel used to be one book. The full have hired out themselves for bread, And the famished cease for ever. Eli shunned trouble and exertion. © 2020 Christianity.com. They that were full - All the things mentioned in these verses frequently happen in the course of the Divine providence; and indeed it is the particular providence of God that Hannah seems more especially to celebrate through the whole of this simple yet sublime ode. See the sin and its punishment. Or, the affliction of the tabernacle, for all the wealth which God would have given Israel. David makes Jerusalem the political and religious centre of Israel (2 Samuel 5:6-12; 2 Samuel 6:1-17). Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Sometimes we translate it hell, which now means the state of perdition, or place of eternal torments; but as this comes from the Saxon, to cover or conceal, it means only the covered place. The second half of 1 Samuel recounts the contest between Saul and David. (11-26) The prophecy against Eli's family. He received a blessing from the Lord. My mouth is enlarged - My faculty of speech is incited, stirred up, to express God's disapprobation against my adversaries.
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