All followers of orthodox Hinduism believe in a sole God, a single reality that is simultaneously transcendent … Hindu Gods India Past and Present Important Texts Temples and Organizations Indian Arts and Culture Hindu Gurus and Saints By. The religious texts of Hindus encompass a very large corpus. An introductory lecture to the basics of Hinduism. Leigh Merryman is a writer for IMB. Each caste has a duty or function that helps to sustain society as a whole. Hinduism does not have a single founder, creed or prophet like in Christianity or Islam. Compra online o livro Basics of Hinduism de na Fnac.pt com portes grátis e 10% desconto para Aderentes FNAC. It is a mystical religion, leading the devotee to personally experience the Truth within, finally reaching the pinnacle of consciousness where man and God are one. The most important are the four Vedas called Rig-Veda, Sâma-Veda , Yajus-Veda and Atharva-Veda. Welcome! Brahman is the universe and everything in it. Rate it * You Rated it * 0. 5. It explains the concepts and beliefs interwoven in the texture of Hinduism, such as Dharma (Duty), Karma… Please consider support HHH this summer for more World History vids for the kiddies! Not all Hindus are vegetarians, but vegetarianism is seen as an indicator of purity. The Hindu God Brahma is known to take different forms. 10. A Guide to the Fundamental Tenets of Hinduism, Arranged Marriages Originated in the Vedic Period, 6 Surprising Facts About Hindu Culture and Hinduism, Calendar of Hindu Festivals, Fasts, and Religious Events 2020–2025, The 5 Principles and 10 Disciplines of Hinduism, M.A., English Literature, University of North Bengal, Moksha (liberation from the cycle of samsara). The practice of using yoga to alter one’s conscious state and suppress the senses has roots going back to the Vedic Period. 8. Dharma: pursuing virtuous behavior and fulfilling one’s duty in life, Artha: pursuing and acquiring success and wealth. Some basic Hindu concepts include: 1. Hinduism celebrates Feminism. Since 1979 the international magazine HINDUISM TODAY has been producing a treasury of educational features on all aspects of Sanatana Dharma. Life, birth, death, and rebirth is an endless cycle called samsara. However, many people neither read, adhere to, nor know how to interpret these holy texts. We only have 1 planet that we live on, and we need to be open towards other cultures. Basics of Hinduism Course. Hinduism remains the dominant faith practiced in India and Nepal today. BASICS OF HINDUISM. Once you have an understanding of these underlying concepts, you can begin to dive deeper into ancient Hinduism. Once krishna said : hello seekers here you will find information on Hinduism and you will get to know about all classical texts on hinduism such as : bhagwad gita, mahabharata, Ramayan, bhagwat purana, and you will also find memes on hinduism Many high-caste Hindus are vegetarians. Whether a person’s karma is good or bad has no impact on their intrinsic oneness with Brahman. The basic beliefs of a religion are those that form the thoughts, feelings, actions and the entire attitude of its followers towards the world around them and their fellow men. This is perfect for students, teachers and anyone who wants basic reference info at their fingertips. It explains the concepts and beliefs interwoven in the texture of Hinduism, such as Dharma (Duty), Karma (Action), and Moksha (Salvation) as well as aspects of Universal soul, One God and use of symbolism in Hinduism. They attempt to appease good and bad spirits by worshiping at auspicious times, studying horoscopes, and wearing amulets to guard against diseases and evil. Hinduism offers at least three paths to pursue moksha: the way of ritual and action, the way of knowledge and meditation, and the way of devotion. In Hinduism, the dead body is not buried instead it is cremated. Hindu Academy. 3) “Hinduism” is not the real word for the religion. For this reason, it’s sometimes referred to as a “way of life” or a “family of religions,” as opposed to a single, organized religion. Hinduism Hindu Festivals and Holidays Hindu God's Hindu Lifestyle and Culture Rituals and Beliefs Conclusion Sources and Citations Hinduism. Instead, there is the law of karma that says every good thought, word, or deed affects the next life favorably while every bad thought, word, or deed leads to suffering in the next life. These acts range from ascetic practices, singing hymns, and repeating the name of god (the word om), to pilgrimages and sacrifices. The three basic teachings of Hinduism are Dharma, Karma and Moksha. Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. Though Hindusim has been changed over the years, the basic principles have remained the same since time immemorial. Subhamoy Das. The way of knowledge and meditation says that humans are trapped in an illusion that keeps us from realizing we are a part of god. Shrimad Bhagavad Gita is the main holy book of the Hindus. This path is followed mainly by the intellectual elite, and its philosophy has been widely embraced by non-Hindus with New Age beliefs. Adherence to dharma means following laws and virtues for a good way of living. Hinduism originated in Northern India, near the river Indus, about 4000 years ago and is the world's oldest existing religion. These sacred texts are classified broadly into two categories: Shruti and Smriti. The earliest of the Hindu scriptures, the Rig Veda, was composed well before 6500 B.C., and the roots of the faith can be traced as far back as 10,000 B.C. Whether you know everything about this fascinating ‘religion’ or very little, you can’t deny these are some incredible facts about Hinduism! This book provides wide-ranging information on Hindu religion, in a simplified and easy-to-read form. Hinduism: Basic Beliefs The fundamental teaching of Hinduism, or Vedanta, is that a human being's basic nature is not confined to the body or the mind. 2. The real name for Hinduism is Sanātana Hindus b… She serves with her family in Southeast Asia. This artistic representation of the Lotus flower was created by Professor Vishnu Namdeo Adarkar (Dada Adarkar) in 1982. … This video highlights some of the aspects of Hinduism. Preparing for Cambridge O Level Hinduis... Jay Lakhani. Confira também os eBooks mais vendidos, lançamentos e livros digitais exclusivos. Hinduism is a religion widely practiced in India and Southeast Asia thus making it the third-largest religion in the world and one of the oldest. The Vedas are said to be the oldest scripture of Hinduism. The flow of Hinduism can be divided roughly into major periods of change and development. No matter what form of Hinduism they follow, most Hindus are also active animists. Hinduism is the religion of the majority of people in India and Nepal. Good karma leads to rebirth in a higher caste and bad karma to a lower caste. Take up the test below and see if you have your facts right on Hinduism. 4. Despite the broad spectrum of faith and practice, Hinduism has several common cultural elements: the veneration of cows, vegetarianism, and yoga. Hindus believe that the universe undergoes endless cycles of creation, preservation and dissolution. If someone deviates from fulfilling his or her function, it is interpreted as bringing disaster to both the individual and to society. Hinduism originated in Northern India, near the river Indus, about 4000 years ago and is the world's oldest existing religion. Now you know the basics of Hinduism, and despite if you agree with it or not, at least now you don’t have to make assumptions, and you can go ahead and become inspired by it or the very least accept Hindus and their beliefs. It is very, very vast, and has a large number of beliefs compared to other religions. There is no term equivalent to the word 'religion' in Sanskrit which is the language of the Vedas. Hinduism facts. It’s rare that two Hindus believe exactly the same thing. BASICS OF HINDUISM February 18, 2020 Hinduism is an umbrella organisation with many different sects and religions but all of them have five things in common known as Pañca-Śraddhā BRAHMAN — the belief in an Absolute qualified by sat-chit-ānanda - space-time-consciousness. Hindus also worship spirits, trees, animals, and planets. Hinduism has traditionally been considered polytheistic—the worship of many gods—but may better be described as henotheistic—the worship of one particular god without disbelieving in the existence of others. Dharma primarily means duty, which is central to its beliefs and practices. CHRONOLOGY 1. Basics Of Hinduism 1. Hindus have four specific goals in human life. Basics of Hinduism Featured publication What Is Hinduism? Hinduism is not just a faith. Hinduism flows from the misty past — some 6000 to 7000 years ago. These gods, along with the other millions of deities, are considered manifestations of either one supreme god or a single, transcendent power called Brahman (not to be confused with Brahmins, the priestly social class). Three paired concepts make up the essence of ancient Hinduism: Atman and Brahman, reincarnation and karma, and moksha and samsara. 6. It was earlier believed that the basic tenets of Hinduism were brought to India by the Aryans who invaded the Indus Valley Civilization and settled along the banks of the Indus river about 2000 BC. If Dharma is neglected in favor of the more material pursuits of Artha and Kama, then life becomes chaotic, and Moksha cannot be attained. Each period had its own unique contribution in changing the way Hinduism was practiced . These primordial hymns are God's word and the bedrock of Sanatana Dharma, the eternal religion. One of the basic beliefs of Hinduism entails, attaining ‘moksha’ from the cycle of rebirth. 8. Many paths exist in Hinduism to reach God. by DR. SHIVENDRA KUMAR SINHA. 12. Learn the basics of ancient Hinduism. Tweet on Twitter. Pin on Pinterest. The gods and goddesses of Hinduism number in the thousands or even millions, all representing the many aspects of Brahman. While most religion in the West is based off of monotheistic beliefes, Hindu religion in the East both compliments and conflicts with this common religious beliefe due to the fact that Hindu's believe in many gods AND one God. 3. The Basics of Hinduism Hinduism is the major religion of India, and the vast majority of India's population today is Hindu; however, Hinduism has spread all over the world and is truly a "world" religion. UNDERSTANDING HINDUISM CHRONOLOGY The history and cultural development of Hinduism occurs through the following nine periods. Hindus believe in the divinity of the four Vedas, the world's most ancient scrip ture, and venerate the Agamas as equally revealed. The law of karma does not allow for the possibility of forgiveness but only the accumulation of inescapable consequences—good or bad, according to right or wrong action. It is very difficult to encompass all the beliefs of Hinduism in an article. Share on Facebook. Hinduism believes in oneness and equality of all, regardless of the age, gender, race, ethnicity or skin color. Rebirth is affected by karma—the result of deeds or actions—in the present life. Evil and error are not ultimate. This is emphasized by the fact that the Hindu pantheon has many Goddesses who are just as or sometimes even more powerful than their male counterparts. 7. According to Hindus, the soul goes through reincarnation—a rebirth of the soul into a new body after death. The basic scriptures of Hinduism, which are collectively referred to as Shastras, are essentially a collection of spiritual laws discovered by different saints and sages at different points in its long history. Each period had its own unique contribution in changing the way Hinduism was practiced . Hinduism is the world's oldest extant religion, and with more than a billion followers, it is also the world's third largest religion. Hinduism, major world religion originating on the Indian subcontinent and comprising several and varied systems of philosophy, belief, and ritual. Its offshoot — Buddhism, shaped and molded the civilizations By Editors of Hinduism Today Magazine. The way of devotion is characterized by acts of devotion to one’s personal god in the hopes of receiving mercy and instant salvation. Hinduism: The Nine Basic Beliefs that you need to know Hinduism- the oldest religion in the world is based on certain established beliefs. They were passed on from generation to generation orally for centuries before they were written down, mostly in the Sanskrit language. Atman is the individual soul and Brahman is the universal soul that all souls seek to return to. The Pre-Protohistoric period, The Ramayana Period 3000 B.C. 'Hinduism' therefore does not indicate any particular religion, but it denotes a nation, namely the people who are now called Indians. The most fundamental of Hindu deities is the divine trinity of Brahma (the creator), Vishnu (the preserver), and Shiva (the destroyer). The Hindu religion is difficult to describe because it does not have a single founder, text, or set of beliefs. This path is open to all—even low-castes, outcasts, women, and children. Further, a true person does not regret or brood over losses caused by speaking truth. Mahatma Gandhi, the famous nonviolent Hindu reformer, explained that Hinduism is not an exclusive religion. Hinduism attaches a very special value to the the darsán (a sanskrit word meaning sight), of gurus, leaders, saintly persons and even holy places and holy images. Basics of Sanskrit. Hinduism is not an organized religion and has no single, systematic approach to teaching its value system. According to the Vedas, Truth is One, but the wise express it in a variety of ways. Many Hindus believe in and worship three gods that make up the Hindu “trinity”: Brahma the creator of the universe, Vishnu the preserver of the universe, and Shiva the destroyer of the universe. … It also exists among significant populations outside of the sub continent and has over 900 million adherents worldwide. In Hinduism, yoga is a discipline to transform the individual and become one with the universal power. Basics Of Hinduism - Simplified And Objective Manner by Dr. Shivendra Kumar Sinha This book provides wide-ranging information on Hindu religion, in a simplified and easy-to-read form. The first three goals of human life deal mainly with the quality of life and are very important to Hindus. Brahman has no form and no limits; it is Reality and Truth. Here below are the URLs of some articles dealing with Hinduism and its practices. Nor do Hindus have a simple set of rules to follow like the Ten Commandments. Hinduism includes a range of philosophies, and is linked by shared concepts, recognisable rituals, cosmology, pilgrimage to sacred sites and shared textual resources that discuss theology, philosophy, mythology, Vedic yajna, yoga, agamic rituals, and temple building, among other topics. 1) Hinduism is the oldest known religion in the world. High-caste Brahmins—members of the priestly social class by birth—have closely guarded knowledge of the Vedas to preserve their dominant position in society. Hindus usually prioritize or adopt one path over the others. It is not until the image is consecrated that its eyes are finally opened with either the touch o… This book provides wide-ranging information on Hindu religion, in a simplified and easy-to-read form. Hinduism, the world's oldest religion, has no beginning--it precedes recorded history. When the images of the gods are made, its eyes are the last part to be completed. That was made up by Greeks and Arabs to those living by the Sindhu river. Dharma is the religious duty of people to follow the principals of the cosmic order, including the … Hinduism is the world’s oldest religion and the third largest followed religion in the world. The ancient Indians were not interested in history as such, which is simply the records of kings and merchants written by the victors. Hinduism is rich in scripture and includes an extensive collection of ancient religious writings. However, this theory has now been proved to be a flawed one and is considered nothing more than a myth. 900 million) practice Hinduism today. During the Vedic Period of northern India, the cow was a symbol of wealth and prosperity, as well as one of the animals offered in ritual religious sacrifices. Therefore, many Hindus instead choose to follow family traditions and guidance provided by their spiritual teachers, called gurus. Basic Principles of Hinduism – The Eternal Links. Existence Since: Hinduism is the world’s oldest known religion.The history of Hinduism can be traced back to the 5000-10,000 B.C.. Facts about size and Rank: It is the third-largest religion in the world with approximately 1.2 billion followers.It is about 15% of the world population. Followers believe there are multiple paths to reaching their god. 9. Today, we’ll know about some core beliefs of Hinduism. Hinduism embraces many religious ideas. Hindus usually prioritize or adopt one path over the others. If I missed anything let me know in the comments below. But moksha is arguably the most significant goal. Selected basic concepts * Karma. The basic scriptures of Hinduism, which are collectively referred to as Shastras, are essentially a collection of spiritual laws discovered by different saints and sages at different points in its long history.
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