scopec security cooperation

There is no State Department-issued definition for security assistance. The State Department's congressional budget notification identifies six budget accounts that fall under "International Security Assistance." 102-190. Also authorizes the Secretary of Defense to enter into nonreciprocal military airlift agreements with NATO subsidiary bodies, on terms the Secretary of Defense considers appropriate. Global Security Contingency Fund (GSCF): FY2012 NDAA, P.L. "Section 1033" Assistance for Additional Counternarcotics Support for Specified Countries: FY1998 NDAA, P.L. Congress has authorized up to $10 million to cover related costs of foreign participation. 113-291, Sections 1301-1352. Secretary of Defense in coordination with Secretary of State. Authority for DOD to conduct security cooperation activities is enacted in two primary places: Title 10 (Armed Forces) U.S.C. Aggregate amount of reimbursements may not exceed $1.16 billion during FY2016. Joint Staff-Sponsored Exercise Program: 10 U.S.C. Those SA programs that are administered by DoD are a subset of SC. Training exercises maintain general U.S. military readiness and ensure a high level of effectiveness in complex military operations. 112-239, Section 1274. 2282 and 2249c, which they argue largely duplicate State Department authorized and funded Foreign Military Financing (FMF) and International Military Education and Training (IMET), respectively. See DoD Directive 5132.03. The number of authorities identified by CRS is derived from the DOD security cooperation programs catalogued in the current DISAM Security Cooperation Programs handbook. 44 As a result, the United States depends on the recipient country to sustain provided capabilities. The USD(AT&L) is responsible for co-development, co-production, co-procurement, logistics support, wartime host-nation support, and research interchange with allied and friendly foreign nations. In recent years, addressing deficiencies in foreign defense institutions has been increasingly perceived as an integral part of BPC programs. A loss of strategic focus due to the time and resources required to navigate the many authorities needed to deliver capabilities such as equipment, training, and logistical support to combatant commands (COCOMS). ed. 99-661. "1022" Joint Task Forces Support to Law Enforcement Agencies to Counter Transnational Organized Crime and Counter-Terrorism: FY2004 NDAA, P.L. Original legislation: FY1987 NDAA, P.L. 106-398. For more on DOD disaster relief and humanitarian assistance, see CRS Report RL33769, International Crises and Disasters: U.S. Humanitarian Assistance Response Mechanisms, by [author name scrubbed]. The sections below present an overview of the statute-related issues that might involve congressional action. 110-181, Section 1233, as amended. Through an ever-evolving complex legal and institutional framework, DOD and the State Department share responsibility for training, equipping, and otherwise assisting foreign military and other security forces. Annual report due October 31. Two tables in the appendix provide information on current Title 10 security cooperation authorities. While for much of the post-9/11 period, the new Title 10 security cooperation authorities have targeted assistance at developing countries, a 2014 RAND analysis concludes that security cooperation efforts have been more effective in states that were more democratic, had stronger state institutions, and greater state capacity than in states exhibiting high levels of fragility. Secretary of State shall be consulted in the selection of foreign personnel for education or training at the Institute. 113-291, Section 1207. Presidential authorization is required. Reporting and notification requirements determined by underlying authorities (10 U.S.C. threat to or attempt against their security; Convinced of the need to exert efforts to make détente both a continuing and an increasingly viable and comprehensive process, universal in scope, and that the implementation of the results of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe will be a major contribution to this process; Definition and Purpose. Annual report due October 31st of each year. CTE TEKS - Implemented 2017-2018, adopted in 2015 Principles of Law, Public Safety, Corrections, and Security course scope and sequence within the Law, Public Safety, Corrections, and Security Career Cluster® summarizes the content to be taught, and one possible order for teaching the units of … If the military project is intended to correct a deficiency that is a threat to life, health, or safety, the project may have an approved cost up to $4 million. Over the past decade, Congress has authorized the Department of Defense (DOD) to conduct a wide range of security cooperation programs. Department of Defense, National Military Strategy of the United States, 2011, pp. CTPF funds are disbursed under other authority and are subject to the conditions of that authority: thus far all CTPF funds have been channeled under Section 1206/10 U.S.C. Report due no later than 60 days before the expiration date of an agreement. Assistance to the Vetted Syrian Opposition: FY2015 NDAA, P.L. Over the past decade, the increasing scope, pace, and cost of Department of Defense (DOD) security cooperation missions have raised many questions about appropriate DOD and State Department roles and responsibilities in and the utility of such efforts. For addition information on BPC, see CRS Report R44313, What Is "Building Partner Capacity?" What does SECURITY COOPERATION mean? The FY2017 budget request for ERI is $3.4 billion. In coordination with the USD(P), IAs serve as advisors to the Secretary of Defense on all matters of SC affecting or related to their respective support to the CCDRs and provide recommendations to the Secretary of Defense to ensure the successful conduct of SC programs. Authorizes the President to direct the Secretary of Defense to provide disaster assistance outside of the United States for manmade or natural disasters to prevent loss of lives or serious harm to the environment. The Secretary of Defense authority is further delegated to the Deputy Secretary of Defense, to the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy (USD(P)), and finally to the Director, Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA), in DoD Directive 5105.65. CN indicating list of countries eligible for training submitted prior to providing training. 2557 stands for Department of Defense Authorization Act, the title given that year to the NDAA legislation. For the purposes of this Manual, it is important to be able to distinguish between SC Programs and SA Programs. Two statutes authorize DOD to conduct activities related to DOD personnel recovery, protection, and accounting with support from and assistance to foreign countries. Department of Defense Organizations. Four related statutes authorize DOD to conduct airlift, air transport, and air-refueling activities, or to provide other support. Yes (to determine eligibility for and appropriateness of training opportunities). Defense Contract Management Agency (DCMA). Prior to the adoption of the FAA, such assistance was provided under Mutual Security Act legislation, for which the President generally assigned oversight responsibility to the Secretary of State. DoC works closely with the DoS, DoD, and U.S. missions to engage foreign decision makers on the strategic, military, and economic issues associated with major defense procurements. Like the House legislation, the Senate legislation would codify some temporary authorities, among them the Defense Institution Building authority to assign DOD civilian employees as advisors to foreign ministries of defense (P.L. Legislative Authorities for Security Assistance (SA). 114-113) makes $3.65 billion available through September 30, 2017. Detailed SA delegations are also found in Executive Order (E.O.) SASC, SFRC, HASC, HFAC. This report provides a general overview of DOD security cooperation authorities. 2010). Meaning of SECURITY COOPERATION. . 89, no. Whether current strategic assumptions take into account the extent to which security cooperation programs are consistent with U.S. interests, especially in weak states. Authorizes the Secretary of the Air Force to operate the Inter-European Air Forces Academy to provide military education and training to military personnel of countries that are NATO Members or signatories to the Partnership for Peace Framework Documents, and provide transportation, billeting, food, health services, supplies, equipment, and a living allowance to such personnel. 99-661. Table A-1. CN submitted 30 days prior to the intended eligibility designation of a non-NATO country. Consolidation might also result in more holistic reporting to Congress. All three above to SASC, SFRC, SAC, HASC, HFAC, HAC. Chapter 1, Security Cooperation Overview and Relationships, defines Security Cooperation and Security Assistance, and summarizes the key legal authorities for, and roles and responsibilities of other agencies in, the provision of security assistance. SASC, SFRC, SAC, HASC, HFAC, HAC. The first catalogs current security cooperation authorities, noting legislative mandates for State Department input and notification and reporting requirements. Some also question whether GPF are adequately trained and qualified to be effective instructors. SFRC, HFAC, CDCs (SASC, HASC, SAC-D, HAC-D). C1.2.2. Written notification of the expectation of spending more than $4 million per fiscal year. For additional information on BPC, see CRS Report R44313, What Is "Building Partner Capacity?" Authorizes the secretary of a military department, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, to carry out specified types of humanitarian and civic assistance activities in conjunction with authorized military operations. 4344(a)(1); 10 U.S.C. Non-Reciprocal Exchange of Defense Personnel: FY2010 NDAA, P.L. 111-84, Section 1207, as amended); Temporary Assignment of Foreign Personnel for Information Security: (10 U.S.C. DOD has not made available any reliable estimates on obligations or expenditures by total or category. Distribution to Certain Foreign Personnel of Education and Training Materials and Information Technology to Enhance Military Interoperability with the Armed Forces: 10 U.S.C. 2561. For some policymakers, DOD's new and expanded missions enable the United States to meet the challenges of the complex global security environment more effectively. The term sustainment generally refers to sustainment of equipment. 168, 10 U.S.C. Also included in this effort are program assessment, program development, and the use of general purpose forces (GPF) to conduct capacity-building programs. The authority requires the concurrence of the Secretary of State. 2282. Executive Orders for Security Assistance. Foreign Disaster Relief (FDR): 10 U.S.C. It also discusses salient issues related to the development, implementation, sustainment, and coordination of security cooperation to support congressional oversight. Under Secretary of Defense, Comptroller (USD(C)). DOD counterdrug authorities were among the first Title 10 security cooperation authorities. COOPERATION The Competition Cooperation Project will run from 2018 to 2022 and aims to enhance cooperation between the European Commission Directorate-General for Competition and its … It is DoD policy that SC is an important tool of national security and foreign policy and is an integral element of the DoD mission. Report assessing previous programs due no later than 180 days after enactment. The activities authorized by these provisions span a broad range of missions and activities, including traditional train and equip authority to build partner capacity, humanitarian assistance, and infrastructure development. Authorizes the Secretary of Defense to pay the travel, subsistence, and similar expenses of defense personnel of developing countries to attend multilateral, bilateral, or regional conferences, seminars, or similar meetings if the Secretary of Defense deems the attendance of such personnel in the national security interests of the United States. Security cooperation includes all DOD-administered security assistance programs that (1) build defense and security relationships that promote specific U.S. security interests, including all international armaments cooperation activities and security assistance activities; (2) develop allied and friendly military capabilities for self-defense and multinational operations; and (3) provide U.S. forces with peacetime and contingency access to host nations.4 According to DOD, security assistance is a subset of DOD's security cooperation portfolio. C1.2.4. 1051a. SASC, SFRC, HASC, HFAC. The aggregate amount of reimbursements may not exceed $1.2 billion during FY2016. In coordination with the USD(P), they serve as advisors to the Secretary of Defense on all matters of SC affecting or related to their respective Departments’ support to the CCDRs; and provide recommendations to the Secretary of Defense to ensure the successful conduct of SC programs. Security risks may apply to each of these three incarnations (Buzan, 1991: 65). 104-201, Section 1082); Presentation of Awards and Mementos to Foreign Personnel (10 U.S.C. All to SASC, SFRC, HASC, HFAC. Original legislation: FY1994 NDAA, P.L. 2805. In addition, broader DOD authority might affect requirements for State Department oversight and coordination. One requires Secretary of State concurrence and authorizes DOD to transfer U.S. non-excess defense articles and related services up to $250 million in replacement value to Afghanistan's military and security forces. 15 day advance written certification for fiscal year; 15 day advance CN; counter-drug plan submitted 60 days in advance each fiscal year in which support is provided. Additional authorities permit reciprocal or nonreciprocal exchanges of U.S. and foreign defense personnel. Up to $5 million per year for force training, contingencies, selected operations, command and control, joint exercises, military education and training for military and related civilian personnel of foreign countries, including transportation, translation, and administrative expenses. CRS Report R42641, Global Security Contingency Fund: Summary and Issue Overview, by Nina M. Serafino. Secretary of Defense in consultation with Secretary of State and Director of National Intelligence. insufficient numbers of State Department personnel to coordinate with DOD on security cooperation activities where required. The law also does not apply to DOD support that is not "assistance," including familiarization, interoperability, and safety training, and operational support such as aid to coalition partners in Iraq, Afghanistan, and elsewhere. Center for Excellence in Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance (CFE-DMHA): 10 U.S.C. 73-74. Congress has authorized DOD to transfer up to $200 million per fiscal year to the fund, but DOD contributions to each project are limited to 80% of the cost. Logistics Support to Foreign Forces Training with U.S. Armed Forces: FY2015 NDAA, P.L. Authorized the Secretary of Defense and Secretary of State jointly to develop and carry out infrastructure projects in Afghanistan. All three to SASC, SFRC, SAC, HASC, HFAC, HAC. Authorizes the Secretary of Defense to provide up to $10 million per fiscal year in logistic support for the conveyance of certain defense articles in Afghanistan to the armed forces of a country with which U.S. Armed Forces plan to conduct bilateral or multilateral training overseas during FY2015 and FY2016. (SASC, SFRC, SAC, HASC, HFAC, HAC). 2382 (c). Scope Security Projects is an independent company with no allegiance to any set brand, product or manufacturer. whether consolidating authorities would enable Congress not only to oversee specific programs, but also to better monitor the ability of these programs to meet long-term strategic goals. Training of General Purpose Forces of the United States Armed Forces with Military and Other Security Forces of Friendly Foreign Countries: FY2014 NDAA, P.L. CN submitted 15 days in advance prior to obligation of funds. Contingency Operations and Related Coalition Operational Support; Global and Regional, Non-Contingency Train and Equip, and Other Assistance; Counternarcotics, Counter-Transnational Organized Crime, and Counterproliferation; Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief; Defense Institution Building and Support; and. Annual report due March 1. The Wales (formerly Warsaw) Initiative Fund (WIF), established to train and equip countries engaged in the State Department-led Partnership for Peace (PfP) program, encompasses all developing NATO partners and focuses on building defense institutions. These authorities and programs are discussed in detail in Chapter 15. Authorizes the use of DOD funds (up to $450 million) to provide supplies, services, transportation, and other logistical support to coalition partners supporting U.S. military and stabilization operations in Afghanistan and Iraq to be provided in accordance with the Arms Export Control Act (AECA) and other U.S. export laws. Analysts have suggested a number of ways to address the multiple planning, resourcing, and interagency approval and reporting challenges related to the current framework and statutes. Humanitarian and Civic Assistance: 10 U.S.C. Support for National Military Forces of Allied Countries for Counterterrorism Operations in Africa, FY2016 NDAA, Section 1207, P.L. In Iraq, the Iraq Train and Equip Fund (ITEF) authorizes up to $715 million in FY2016 for DOD, in coordination with the Secretary of State, to train, equip, and provide additional types of support to military and other security of forces of or associated with the Government of Iraq. SA authorizations and appropriations are provided primarily under three public laws: The Foreign Assistance Act (FAA) of 1961, as amended, The Arms Export Control Act (AECA) of 1976, as amended, Annual appropriations acts for Foreign Operations, Export Financing and Related Programs. DOD may conduct activities such as training, equipping, and otherwise supporting foreign military forces to fight terrorist groups or to enable them to participate in coalition or other operations. Congress determines which activities and operations will be conducted, and it provides input on the selection of recipient countries, organizations, and groups. 1051). The Joint Chiefs of Staff provide implementation guidance for U.S. military plans and programs and provide the Secretary of Defense with military advice concerning SC; review, in conjunction with the USD(P), CCMD campaign plans (including SC aspects) and oversee deconfliction of the campaign plans as necessary; and collect and review the campaign plan assessments completed by the CCDRs through the Comprehensive Joint Assessment and advise the USD(P) on the effectiveness of DoD SC efforts. C1.1.1. Table A-2. Report submitted 30 days prior to exercising authority for certain payments to redress authority and loss in Iraq. One condition on security cooperation authorities (with certain exceptions) is the DOD Leahy Law (10 U.S.C. They modify Global Force Management Board processes and procedures to account for force requirements for SC. In 1981, Congress named DOD the lead agency responsible for detecting and monitoring illegal drugs entering the United States by air and sea. Additional information on related security issues is covered by other CRS products: CRS Report R44313, What Is “Building Partner Capacity?” Issues for Congress, coordinated by Kathleen J. McInnis. 443. C1.3.2.5. As the scope, pace, and cost of activities to train, equip, and otherwise support foreign security forces have increased, however, some policymakers believe that the DOD’s growing authority may undermine the State Department’s lead role in foreign assistance. Payment may be made after consultation with the Secretary of State. security cooperation synonyms, security cooperation pronunciation, security cooperation translation, English dictionary definition of security cooperation. These include a lack of authority to19, Also needed, according to some defense analysts, are, Coordination of Authorities and Resources. As the item manager for consumable stock-funded secondary items, DLA supply centers work with the MILDEPs to fill requisitions, process Supply Discrepancy Reports (SDRs)), and close cases when supply is complete. $3.65 billion available through September 30, 2017. Programs of both types are the means by which the United States provides defense articles, military training, and other defense services to our partner nations in support of U.S. National Security objectives, including Building Partner Capacity (BPC). Defense Logistics Agency (DLA). Permitted activities also include force training, contingencies, selected operations, command and control, joint exercises, military education and training for military and related civilian personnel of foreign countries, including transportation, translation, and administrative expenses (up to $5 million per year). CCIF's FY2017 budget estimate is $15 million. 127d, known as the "Global Lift and Sustain" authority. CN submitted 15 days prior to the initiation of activities. A calculation of the total funding for security cooperation activities requires an accounting of spending under specific security cooperation authorities and accounts, as well as related spending that may have been drawn from service accounts that would not necessarily be publically available. C1.2.4.2. C1.2.3. Authorizes the appropriation of funds for the Counterterrorism Partnerships Fund, which provides support and assistance to foreign security forces or other groups or individuals to conduct, support, or facilitate counterterrorism and crisis response activities pursuant to Section 1534 of the FY2015 NDAA. 153). Authorizes the Secretary of Defense to operate a Center for Excellence in Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance. Secretary of Defense designates eligible non-NATO countries in consultation with the Secretary of State. Authorizes the Secretary of Defense to increase maritime security and maritime domain awareness of specific foreign countries along the South China Sea by providing assistance and training to national military or other security forces whose functional responsibilities include maritime security missions. 101-510, Section 1004 as amended. RAND, Review of Security Cooperation Mechanisms, p. 63. Ukraine Security Assistance Initiative, FY2016 NDAA, P.L. This includes contracts that support FMS cases. 113-291, Section 1535. SASC, SFRC, SAC, HASC, HFAC, HAC. The Directive on security of network and information systems (NIS Directive) is activities in the interests of national security: The Treaty on European Union (TEU) states that “national security remains the sole responsibility of each Member State”—although the scope of this exception has not been clearly defined in EU law.3 9. 2282) to build foreign partner capacity to conduct counterterrorism operations, as well as military and stability operations, to include several other types of operations. 100-456, Section 1104. 2249d); Non-Reciprocal Exchange of Defense Personnel (FY2010 NDAA, P.L. (The five regional centers are: the George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies in Germany; the Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies in Hawaii; the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies; the Africa Center for Strategic Studies; and the Near East-South Asia Center for Strategic Studies.). 2011 statute, which would replace and repeal it, does not. Secretary of State approval required for the conduct of an activity in a foreign country. CN submitted when foreign gifts or donations to the Institute exceed $1 million in any fiscal year. For additional information on building partner capacity, see CRS Report R44313, What Is "Building Partner Capacity?" Original legislation FY1993 NDAA, P.L. CN submitted 15 days after all guidance and procedures for exercising this authority has been issued and processes for implementation are established and fully operational. 6957(a)(1); 10 U.S.C. Another multi-purpose authority, the Counterterrorism Partnerships Fund (CTPF), provides monies to support and assist foreign security forces or other groups conducting counterterrorism or crisis response activities in the U.S. Central Command (CENTCOM) and the U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM) areas of responsibility. C1.3.2.8. Some analysts caution that consolidating security cooperation authorities, in and of itself, might broaden DOD authority. The Obama Administration's Statement of Administration Policy on S. 2943 noted concern that the security cooperation reform provisions would impinge on the Secretary of State's lead role in security assistance. The House version (H.R. However, aside from the President, the principal legislated responsibilities fall to the DoS and the DoD. The GSCF is similar to "Section 1206," except the Secretary of State exercises the lead role. Information copies of the supplements must be sent to DSCA (Strategy, Plans, and Policy Directorate (SPP)). 168. 112-239, Section 1222, as amended.Expires Dec. 31, 2016. Availability of Funds for Co-Production of Iron Dome Short-Range Rocket Defense System in the United States: FY2014 NDAA, P.L. RAND has suggested consolidation, revision, and clarification of the following categories of authorities: mil-mil engagements; exercises; education and training; train and equip; equipment and logistics support; humanitarian assistance; defense institution building (DIB); maritime security; and cybersecurity. SASC, HASC. Authorizes the Secretary of Defense to reimburse key cooperating countries for logistical, military, and other support, including access, to or in connection with U.S. military operations in Iraq or in Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan, and to assist such nations with U.S. funded equipment, supplies and training. Section "1233" Coalition Support Funds (CSF), including the Coalition Readiness Support Program (CRSP): FY2008 NDAA, P.L. 2166); Senior Military College International Student Program: (10 U.S.C. Original legislation: FY1986 DDAA, P.L. Authorization or appropriations legislation does not specify funding levels for the following authorities: Payment of Expenses to Attend Bilateral, Multilateral, or Regional Cooperation Programs (10 U.S.C. As part of an effort to improve the efficiency, effectiveness, and timeliness of its security cooperation programs, DOD seeks to address the multiple problems created by the "patchwork" of Title 10 authorities. CCIF authorizes activities that fall under many of the categories used in this report to organize DOD security cooperation authorities. Anti-Tunnel Capabilities Program with Israel: FY2016 NDAA, P.L. Logistic Support for Allied Forces in Combined Operations: 10 U.S.C. Defense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS). Scope This publication provides join t doctrine for planning, executi ng, and assessing security cooperation activities. 112-239, Section 1276); Cross Servicing Agreements for Loan of Personnel Protection and Personnel Survivability Equipment in Coalition Operations (FY2015 NDAA, P.L. 2249c. Inter-European Air Forces Academy: FY2015 NDAA, P.L. Authorizes the Secretary of Defense to transport to any country, without charge, supplies that have been provided by nongovernmental sources and which are intended for humanitarian assistance. These programs vary greatly in terms of the agency or DoD activity responsible and the manner in which they are planned for and funded. Quarterly reports on equipment disposition submitted no later than 90 days after enactment of NDAA FY2016. Annual report due no later than 60 days after the end of each fiscal year in which the Secretary of the Air Force operates the Academy. The DoC is the lead organization for the USG’s Defense Advocacy Program, a means by which U.S. Defense industry can submit requests for the USG’s support when competing in foreign markets. Secretary of Defense in coordination with Secretary of State. Another authority authorizes the appropriation of no more than $15 million for nonrecurring engineering costs associated with the establishment of co-production capacity in the United States for Israel's Iron Dome rocket defense program. Secretary of State in the lead on this authority, with Secretary of Defense concurrence required for some programs and consultation for others. The new Strategic Concept, adopted at the Lisbon Summit in November 2010, gives a new flavour to the role of the Alliance, introdu… Authorizes the Secretary of Defense to provide counter-drug support including the transfer of selected non-lethal equipment, maintenance, repair, and upgrades to thirty-nine countries. C1.1.2.2. 113-291, Section 1206. Authorizes the Secretary of Defense to provide up to $300 million in FY2016 for security assistance and intelligence support, including training equipment, as well as logistics support, supplies and services to military and other security forces of Ukraine. The USD(P&R) assists the Director, DSCA and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff by developing and coordinating relevant input on SCO joint manpower programs involving the establishment of new SCO or changes in SCO manpower authorizations, organizational structure, or the grade, rank, or MILDEP affiliation of the Chief of the SCO; coordinates efforts to build regional, cultural, and language expertise among U.S. forces, including DoD international military and civilian personnel exchange programs, with the USD(P); and identifies, tracks, and assesses readiness of personnel with regional, cultural, and language expertise. Foreign Cryptologic Support: 10 U.S.C. May not exceed $25 million in maintenance and sustainment support to Israel. Authorizes the Secretary of Defense to provide certain types of training in the course of multilateral exercises and pay incremental expenses up to $28 million incurred by a country as the direct result of participation in a multilateral exercise. Under Secretary of Defense for Policy (USD(P)). These priorities include the following: ensure consistency with broader national security goals; foster U.S. government policy coherence and interagency collaboration; build sustainable capacity through comprehensive sector strategies; be more selective and use resources for the greatest impact; be responsive to urgent crises, emergent opportunities, and changes in partner security environments; ensure that short-term interventions are consistent with long-term goals; inform policy with rigorous analysis, assessments, and evaluations; analyze, plan, and act regionally; and coordinate with other donors. Written notifications to permit assistance to countries not bordering Syria. The exceptions are disaster and humanitarian assistance, and national security emergencies. Humanitarian Assistance: 10 U.S.C. CN submitted 15 days prior to the receipt of contributions. 2358. SASC and HASC. (JCETs generally occur within the context of military exercises.). DIRI supports foreign defense institutional by determining institutional needs and developing projects to meet them. FY2017 budget estimate excludes $215.3 million of OCO funding. Authorization or appropriations legislation does not specify funding levels for the following authorities: Acquisition and Cross-Servicing Agreement (ACSA) (10 U.S.C. 407); Center for Excellence in Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance (CFE-DMHA) (10 U.S.C. 97-86) provided for operations outside the U.S. land area only in emergency circumstances; a subsequent version permitted assistance to foreign governments, but required the Secretary of State's approval only for emergency assistance (P.L. Includes authority to provide, in limited and special circumstances, equipment, supplies, training, transportation or other logistical support or funding to foreign forces, groups, or individuals in order to facilitate the recovery of U.S. personnel. Authorizes the Secretary of Defense to provide up to $105 million in any fiscal year of logistics, supplies, and services to allied forces participating in a combined operation with the United States, as well as to a nonmilitary logistics, security, or similar agency of an allied government if it would benefit U.S. armed forces. PPD 23 mandated improvements in the ability of the United States to "enable partners in providing security and justice for their own people and responding to common security challenges," and outlined policy guidelines to improve the U.S. government's "capacity to plan, synchronize, and implement security sector assistance through a deliberate and inclusive whole-of-government process that ensures alignment of activities and resources with our national security priorities. In the House version of the FY2017 NDAA (H.R. These include building capacity for operations to counter weapons of mass destruction, drugs, and transnational crime, and to conduct maritime and border security, military intelligence, humanitarian disaster assistance operations, and national territorial defense operations. Under Secretary of Defense, Personnel and Readiness (USD(P&R)). Section 1510 of the FY2016 NDAA authorizes $750 million. Anti-Tunnel Capabilities Program with Israel: FY2016 NDAA, P.L 114-92, Section 1279. Congress has provided DOD with several authorities to support U.S. military operations or other military efforts in conflict zones. In addition to the MILDEPs, certain other agencies also prepare and execute FMS cases. Report submitted every 180 days, as outlined by Section 1275 of FY2015 NDAA (P.L. Not applicable. Post-Brexit, the MoU is also aiming for enhanced scope of cooperation and opportunities for India." Department of Defense, Quadrennial Defense Review, 2014, VII-12. SASC, SFRC, SSCI, SCHS, SAC, HASC, HFAC, HPSCI, HCHS, HAC. Both to SASC, SFRC, SAC, HASC, HFAC, HAC. For additional information on the historical evolution of roles and responsibilities, see Appendix B of CRS Report R44444, Security Assistance and Cooperation: Shared Responsibility of the Departments of State and Defense, by [author name scrubbed]. Supplements must be consistent with this Manual. CN submitted 15 days prior to obligating or expending funds. CRS Report R44444, Security Assistance and Cooperation: Shared Responsibility of the Departments of State and Defense, by Nina M. Serafino. Defense Institution Reform Initiative: 10 U.S.C. Under the FAA, AECA, and Executive Order 13637 the Secretary of State is responsible for continuous supervision and general direction of Security Assistance programs. 1051b. 401); Transportation of Humanitarian Relief Supplies to Foreign Countries (10 U.S.C. SC activities must be in compliance with law, this Manual and additional policy guidance issued by DSCA, the Secretary of Defense, and the Secretary of State. Senate Armed Services Committee, "National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017: Executive Summary," p. 14. 374); "1004" Additional Support for Counter-Drug Activities and Activities to Counter Transnational Organized Crime (FY1991 NDAA, P.L. staffing problems such as high levels of staff turnover, limited training, and insufficient numbers of personnel. DOD funds six Regional Centers for Security Studies, which provide a venue for instruction and discussion among foreign military and civilian defense officials on regional and global security challenges and strengthening defense institutions. In the Senate version of the FY2017 NDAA, SASC proposed a broader and far-reaching reform of security cooperation authorities and the institutional architecture to "modernize and streamline DOD's security cooperation enterprise" and "respond to the complaints of our military commanders and the Department more broadly...."35 The Senate version (S. 2943) of the bill proposes to consolidate, in some cases also expand, and codify several security cooperation authorities into a new U.S.C. Defines "allied country" as: a country that is a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO): Australia, New Zealand, Japan, and the Republic of Korea (ROK); and, any country designated by the Secretary of Defense as an allied country for the purposes of this authority. For instance, DOD officials state that a recent U.S. European Command naval combined training exercise required eight authorities, which made program implementation and coordination among participants difficult. Supplies may only be transported if space is available. The primary purpose of the training is to train U.S. Special Operations Forces. For FY2016, Congress approved the South China Sea Initiative, which permits DOD, with Secretary of State concurrence, to provide up to $50 million in maritime security assistance for countries bordering the South China Sea. Attendance at the Naval Post-Graduate School: 10 U.S.C. Authorizes the Secretary of Defense to enter into bilateral or multilateral agreements, called Support Partnership Agreements, with one or more of other member countries of NATO participating in the operation of the NATO Support Organization. Participation in Multinational Military Centers of Excellence: 10 U.S.C. A new authority, introduced in the FY2016 NDAA, permits DOD to provide certain types of training and to cover up to $28 million of incremental expenses incurred by Eastern European military forces participating in multilateral exercises. 2350a); Cooperative Agreements for Reciprocal Use of Test Facilities: Foreign Countries and International Organizations (10 U.S.C. 2282 programs. Legislative Authorities for Security Cooperation (SC). The authority specifies that the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff give priority consideration to requests to conduct (1) "... activities that would enhance the war fighting capability, readiness, and sustainability of the forces assigned to the commander requesting the funds;" (2) "... activities with respect to an area or areas not within the area of responsivity of a commander of a combatant command that would reduce the threat to, or otherwise increase, the national security of the United States;"(3) "... urgent and unanticipated humanitarian relief and reconstruction assistance, particularly in a foreign country where the armed forces are engaged in a contingency operation.". 110-417. These include adopting new budgeting procedures that would facilitate better planning, such as developing a unified security cooperation budget, reworking the current institutional structure for decision-making on resource allocation, and passing new DOD authorities to better align them with strategic concepts. DOD defines "security cooperation" as a broad set of activities undertaken by DOD to encourage and enable international partners to work with the United States to achieve strategic objectives. Secretary of Defense and Secretary of State to jointly formulate programs and coordinate their implementation. Iraq Train and Equip fund (ITEF): FY2015 NDAA, P.L. 1051b); Participation in Multinational Military Centers of Excellence (10 U.S.C. The President has delegated responsibility to the Secretary of State for ensuring that the transfer of humanitarian supplies meets specific criteria related to U.S. foreign policy goals and provision of humanitarian assistance. Moreover, the governor of the Red Sea governorate is a military general, as most of the provincial governors. Funding for the six major Title 10 humanitarian assistance and disaster relief authorities is appropriated annually under the DOD appropriations Overseas Humanitarian, Disaster, and Civil Action account (OHDACA).

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