spanish colonization in the philippines

Also, about 40 percent of informal Filipino conversation consists of Spanish loan words. However, food historians claim that about 80% of Filipino food were derived from Spanish influence. The Spaniards started to explore the Philippines in the early 16th century when Ferdinand Magellan led a Spanish expedition to the Spice Islands and reached Cebu in 1521. Improvements in public utilities and communications Telephone service began (Manila in 1872 and Iloilo in 1894) Public lighting system began Blog. The onerous system of taxation, the arbitrary and unjust forced labor, the monopolistic galleon trade and stringent trade and agricultural policies, consequently brought about a distorted and unbalanced economy. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Change ). There was oral and written literature. Philippines - Philippines - The Spanish period: Spanish colonial motives were not, however, strictly commercial. The Spaniards colonized the Philippines for more than three centuries, the longest period that the Philippines experienced foreign rule. Everything started when Ferdinand Magellan discovered this place, and was dazzled by the diverse and bountiful natural resources that one tropical destination in the east possessed. Spanish historians, writing about the early Filipinos, affirmed that there was hardly a man or woman who could not read and write. ( Log Out /  The Colegio de San Juan de Letran was established in 1620 by Dominican priests. Filipinos were first given formal education under the Spanish rule. Spain is one of the foreign countries that colonized our country for more than three hundred years. The time that the Philippines was under Spanish rule makes up a major part of their history. Today, Filipinos under the tertiary program are required to undergo the National Service Training Program (NSTP) wherein they are trained for military and/or community service. These sections of the government may be linked to what we now know  as the national government, the provincial government, the city government, and the barangays. Following several more Spanish expeditions, the first permanent settlement was established in Cebu in 1565. The term Filipino Time is linked to Filipinos always being late. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Ferdinand Magellan was the first European recorded to have landed in the Philippines. Advantages Of Spanish Colonization 2000 Words | 8 Pages. Instead of anitos, they now have saints. With the rising influence of the Catholic Church in the Philippines, there began a contention for power between the religious and civil authorities, which proved harmful to the Filipinos. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Much of the archipelago came under Spanish rule, creating the first unified political structure known as the Philippines. The country is divided into three main areas: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. Aside from religious practices, the Spanish colonization brought day-to-day practices that were eventually became part of the Filipino culture. Famous religious festivals include: The Sinulog festival, held every third Sunday of January, commemorates the acceptance of Christianity by the Filipino people. The natives dwelt on houses made of bamboo and palm leaves, and were properly attired at all times. Roads and bridges were also more developed since they were constructed with bricks and stones. Such was the state of culture of the Filipinos when Ferdinand Magellan arrived in the Philippines at the head of a Spanish expedition searching for the Spice Islands in 1521. Paella is a rice dish from Valencia, Spain, various types of which have different ingredients such as seafood, meat, and herbs and spices. United States’ Rule of the Philippines (1898-1946). However, this is not being practiced nowadays. The kalesa, originally spelled as calesa in Spanish, is a Filipino version of the horse-drawn carriage known as calash in the western parts of the world. This form of art is adapted by the Filipinos from the Spanish until Filipinos eventually began to perform sarswelas as a tradition. It's the third largest nation that speaks English in the world. ( Log Out /  The Spanish colonial policy was virtually designed not only to keep Philippines under control but also to exploit her rich natural resources. Ensaymada is a sweet, soft bread usually topped with butter and cheese. Magellan landed on the island of Cebu, claiming the lands for Spain and naming them Islas de San Lazaro.He set up friendly relations with some of the local chieftains and converted some of them to Roman Catholicism. It is dedicated to Sr. Sto. They left their mark probably more so than any other foreign nation to which the Philippines was subjected.Spain was one of the most powerful nations in th… Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Magellan made a blood compact with the local chieftain of Cebu, Rajah Humabon as a sign of friendship. Effects of Spanish Colonization in the Philippines 2. Attempts at reform by sympathetic Spanish officials were quickly put down by influential personages who had their own interests to protect. Niño de Cebu, a statue of whom was given by Ferdinand Magellan to the wife of Rajah Humabon upon her baptism. The religious orders established schools and colleges, founded libraries and museums, and set up printing presses. The Spanish colonization in the Philippines brought such poverty, violence, misery to us Filipino. Originally called ensaimada, this sweet pastry originated from Majorca, Spain. usually served with rice. However, with the arrival of the Spaniards, the Filipinos learned to embrace Christianity. The kalesa typically has a higher ceiling than a calash. Change ), Summary of Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo, Summary of Spanish Colonization in the Philippines, The Life in the Philippines before the Spanish Regime, https://history.knoji.com/the-spanish-era-in-the-philippines/. Today, there are still schools and universities built during the Spanish era that are still operating. TIMELINE: SPANISH COLONIZATION OF THE PHILIPPINES 1521, Mar 16. Leche flan, meaning “milk flan” in Spanish, is a Filipino version of Spanish flan made of egg yolks and condensed milk. But it also contributes us a lot of good things. Spanish influence in the Philippines region can be traced back… In the ensuing Battle of Mactan, Magellan and other Spanish soldiers lost their liv… Augustinian priests were the first to build schools in the Philippines, to be followed by Francians, Jesuits, and Dominican priests. Filipinos gave crops and other materials to the chieftain as taxes. the Spanish took advantage of the already divided up people in the Philippines and easily dominated by them. Probably one of the most widely-used images to depict the Spanish excesses in the Philippines is that of the lecherous,… A Spanish expedition, sailing across the Pacific Ocean from east to west, and led by the Portuguese Ferdinand Magellan (died Apr 27, 1521) lands on Homonhon Island east of Samar with three small ships, named the Concepcion, Trinidad and Victoria. The Spanish language is among the many components of the Filipino language. Philippine Literature in the Spanish Colonial Period Published on February 29, 2016 by esielbc The existing literature of the Philippine ethnic groups at the time of conquest and conversion into Christianity was mainly oral, consisting of epics, legends, songs, riddles, and proverbs. Filipino food that were adapted from Spain include: The typical Filipino breakfast always includes pan de sal (Spanish for salt bread), a soft bread usually eaten with coffee as a drink. The Philippine were discovered in 1521 by the Spanish. Up to this date, the institution still retains its Spanish name. They also built hospitals, asylums, and orphanages to take care of the sick and needy (including the unwanted babies sired by friars). Kalesas can still be seen nowadays in historic sites in the Philippines such as in Intramuros and Vigan to add up to the historical feel of the surroundings. The Filipinos were made to build roads, bridges, and infrastructure. This labor was for 40 days a year, reduced to 15 days in 1884. They cultivated rice, which was their staple food, fished the extensive waters around them, and brewed many kinds of drinks, which they were very fond of. Even after the encomienda system was abolished, corrupt Spanish officials continued to exploit the people, who still had to render forced labor and pay heavy tribute. Today, there are more than 600,000 churches in the Philippines. It served as the venue for three historic events in the Philippine history: the convention of First Philippine Congress, the drafting of the Malolos Constitution, and the inauguration of the First Philippine Republic. Not only were women considered to be as powerful as men during that time, but, in fact, there were times when women were given more authority than men. Because of the destruction of ancient writings, in their eagerness to erase the previous cultural records of the Philippines, only the orally transmitted literature has survived. We all know that they were the one who presented our today’s religion even they forced the Filipinos before, but still we adapted it and devoted with our strong faith. The archipelago was first discovered in 1521 by the Portuguese Ferdinand de Magellan. Along with Christianity came Christian practices necessary in establishing faith in Christ. The feudal economy remained, with land concentrated in the hands of a few individuals and the Church itself. The Feast of the Black Nazarene is attended by millions of devotees around the world every 9th of January, in honor of the miraculous statue of Jesus Christ that survived a fire without being being deformed in any way. Spanish made the Philippines like Saudi Arabia, a family rules the country. As a matter of fact, it is very common to hear Filipinos count in Spanish rather than in Filipino or in English. Starting on a clean slate, it can be said that the missionaries encouraged the growth of literature, art, science, and industry. No unity, no proper government, divided tribes. Picadillo, meaning “mince” in Spanish, is a dish made of ground beef, potatoes, tomatoes, and other ingredients. During the Spanish regime, all male Filipinos from 18 to 60 years of age were required to give their free labor, called polo, to the government. A remnant of the architecture during the Spanish colonization lies in the heart of Vigan – the famous Calle Crisologo. The Spanish colonization of the Philippines brought about numerous influences because the Spaniards had the luxury of time in penetrating the Filipino culture. Spanish Colonization of the Philippines The Philippines is an archipelago of more than 7,000 islands in Southeast Asia. The only laws created in the Philippines are those who were ordered by the Governor General. Perhaps the most notable influence of the Spaniards to the Filipino culture is Christianity. He established the first permanent settlement in Cebu. Although some indigenous art forms survived, new forms and influences from Europe and America gradually became the However, the NSTP is not as strict and burdensome as the polo y servicios because not participating in it does not pose as much threat to Filipinos as the polo y servicios. The Spaniards were the first to introduce a centralized government to them. Niño. Architecture flourished during the Spanish era and the bahay kubo gave way to the bahay na bato. These values and norms include self-preservation through power and abuse of authority, profound emphasis on hierarchy and social status, and familial values or close familial ties that promote nepotism. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. The Pontificial and Royal University of Santo Tomas, colloquially called UST, was established in 1611 by Dominican priests. The Spaniards conquered the Philippines for 333 years. During the pre-colonial period, Filipinos did not have currencies. Numerous paintings and sculptures were made during the Spanish era. The Spaniards ruled the Philippines for 300 years under these conditions, continually harassed by Chinese pirates, by the Moros (Mohammedans from Mindanao and Sulu), by the Dutch and the English who wanted to take possession of the Islands, and finally by the frequent revolts on the part of the natives. The Spanish at first viewed the Philippines as a stepping-stone to the riches of the East Indies (Spice Islands), but, even after the Portuguese and Dutch had foreclosed that possibility, the Spanish still maintained their presence in the archipelago. The Spaniards colonized the Philippines for more than three centuries, the longest period that the Philippines experienced foreign rule. He arrived in March 1521 during his circumnavigation of the globe. The beggar by the church gate or the frequented street corner, and the blind mendicant begging from house to house became familiar sights. Those are some reasons on why the Spanish easily conquered our land. Catholicism is the most important contribution that the Spanish given to us. Back to Article List. To console Juan Luna for not being awarded the gold medal, King Alfonso XII of Spain commissioned him to paint the Battle of Lepanto. With the growth of the country’s population, poverty was widespread among the masses; mendicancy, unknown before the coming of the Spaniards was common. ( Log Out /  The encomenderos ruled like the feudal lords of Medieval Europe, and exploited their territories to the limit. It was the Spanish monarchy. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. ( Log Out /  Spain is one of the foreign countries that colonized our country for more than three hundred years. ( Log Out /  It was also at this point when the Spanish missionaries tried to eliminate the ancient written literature of the Filipinos. There was no legislative branch on that time since the laws of the islands were coming from Spain . This painting resides in the Senate Hall of Madrid. The Impact of the American Rule. ( Log Out /  Literally meaning stone house, the bahay na bato was made of bricks and stones. In conclusion, the Spanish colonization was bad for the Philippines, because it took their right, and changed many thing in the country such as the government. The Philippine Revolution (Filipino: Himagsikang Pilipino; Spanish: Revolución Filipina), called the Tagalog War (Filipino: Digmaang Tagalog; Spanish: Guerra Tagala) by the Spanish, was a revolution and subsequent conflict fought between the people and insurgents of the Philippines and the Spanish colonial authorities of the Spanish East Indies, under the Spanish Empire (Kingdom of Spain). The folk have come to associate the occasion with gay colors, brass bands, and general merrymaking. Due to their power (the Spaniards), they became abusive to the Indios which they discriminated in their own land. The Siesta is another Filipino practice we inherited from the Spaniards. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. After Humabon converted to Catholicism and was baptized as Carlos, he requested Magellan to subjugate his enemy Lapu-Lapu, the chief of nearby Mactan Island. During the Spanish colonization, these schools mainly taught Spanish, Theology, Philosophy, and Geography. It change the system of it. Spain had control of the Philippines for more than 300 years, so it’s no surprise that there are many Filipino customs, traditions, and cultural norms that can be traced back to the Spanish. One chief source of abuse, the encomienda system, was not abolished until the end of the 18th century. The Spaniards also introduced a system of forced labor called the polo y servicios wherein Filipinos were sent to different places to serve 40 days of construction work. No matter how good or bad each one may be, it is still proof that the Spaniards have left a legacy and that these influences play a big part of what the Philippine culture is now. ( Log Out /  However, the Spanish colonization introduced money currency to the Filipinos and along with this came a standardized taxation system. The Spanish start and end their day late, and the Filipinos must have acquired this attitude from them. The Spanish colonization of the Philippines brought about numerous influences because the Spaniards had the luxury of time in penetrating the Filipino culture. The main focus of this study is going to be the process colonization of the Philippines and how the Spanish colonized the Philippines, primarily focusing in the customs and cultures. This can be attributed to the patriarchal culture of the Spanish people, which was apparently embraced by the Filipinos. THE SPANISH COLONIZATION IN THE PHILIPPINES The Philippines was very lucky because our country was rich in natural resources. He claimed land for the king of Spain but was killed by a local chief. And that is the reason why many foreign countries had colonized our country. It is the act of taking a nap during the afternoon, usually after eating lunch. The colorful rituals and numerous holidays of the Catholic Church gave rise to many folk traditions. ( Log Out /  The Spaniards ruled the Philippines for 300 years under these conditions, continually harassed by Chinese pirates, by the Moros (Mohammedans from Mindanao and Sulu), by the Dutch and the English who wanted to take possession of the Islands, and finally by the frequent revolts on the part of the natives. Ateneo de Manila University, originally called Escuala Pia during its establishment, was built in 1859 by the Jesuits. Several languages were spoken, then, as now, although there was one common alphabet called babaying, which resembled the ancient alphabet of India. They started to believe in Christ and the concept of salvation and afterlife. These churches cater to about 93% of the current population of the Philippines – the Christian population. For this purpose thousands of Catholic missionaries belonging to various orders came to the Philippines. Summary of Spanish Colonization in the Philippines. The natives dwelt on houses made of bamboo and palm leaves, and were properly attired at all times. TIMELINE: SPANISH COLONIZATION OF THE PHILIPPI NES 1521, Mar 16. Spanish colonialism began with the arrival of Miguel López de Legazpi 's expedition on February 13, 1565, from Mexico. But Spain’s biggest legacy to the Philippines is Roman Catholism, which the people embraced readily from the beginning. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The advantages and drawbacks of the colonization of the Philippines by Spain The domination of the Spanish Empire over the Philippines lasted 333 years, from 1565 to 1898. The Filipinos also learned the Mañana Habit from the Spaniards, a habit called procrastination in English. When European traders, in search for a new route to the Spice Islands, stumbled into the Philippine archipelago in 1521, they found the people living in a comparatively high state of civilization. Stay tuned for part 2 as that will discuss events from the Dagohoy revolt to the events around the 1870's. Magellan never completed the journey himself; he was killed in an encounter with natives after having claimed the Philippines for Spain. Athena Goodlight: https://history.knoji.com/the-spanish-era-in-the-philippines/. Spanish colonialism in The Philippines Portugese explorer Ferdinand Magellan successfully led the European expedition to Philippines in the service of the King of Spain. The gravity of the change of culture and tradition that the Filipinos went through over the Spanish colonization period shows how influential they were to us. This is now what we call The Philippines. Each camp accused the other of oppressing the people. These include the Seven Sacraments namely: Christianity is also responsible for the numerous festivals celebrated in the Philippines, usually depicting the religiosity of the Filipino people. It contains a great deal of diversity in ethnicity and social organization. The Spanish used Galleons as the main ships to transport goods to and from the Western Pacific, and many of the ships where constructed in Manila, Philippines, hence the name, Manila Galleon trade route. Mañana which literally means tomorrow in Spanish was coined because Filipinos will usually say “mamaya na,” a Filipino phrase meaning later in English, when asked to accomplish duties. These include: The Spolarium, a painting by Juan Luna, won the first prize in a painting contest in Madrid. The Philippine islands first came to the attention of Europeans with the Spanish expedition around the world led by Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan in 1521. This results to the revolution of the Filipinos. However, Luna was not awarded the gold medal because he was a Filipino. Spain’s foremost aim in the Philippines was to spread their religion. Also located within the walls of Intramuros, San Agustin Church is the oldest-standing church in the Philippines, having been completed in 1607. The Spanish colonial rule and Catholicism might have created cultural values and norms that created a society more predisposed toward corruption. The pre-colonized and post-colonized Philippines will be discussed and compared with one another to determine the degree of change that occurred with the Filipino culture. The Flores de Mayo Festival, also called Santacruzan, is a parade that features beautiful ladies holding religious artifacts such as a bible, a small cross, or a statue of the Sto. The few priests who tried to defend the people were helpless, and the elaborate laws framed to protect the subjects were openly flouted. Picadillo is usually served with rice. Here is a list of borrowed words as provided by Wikipedia: The Filipino cuisine is apparently a fusion of many different cuisines, including Chinese, Malay, Spanish, and many more. THE SPANISH COLONIZATION IN THE PHILIPPINES The Philippines was very lucky because our country was rich in natural resources. The people practiced monogamy in general. And that is the reason why many foreign countries had colonized our country. Longganisa is a term for the Filipino sausage similar to the Spanish chorizo. The actual work of colonization began in 1565, when Miguel Lopez de Legazpi concluded treaties of friendship with the native chiefs. It is typically recited or sung alternately. The fiesta, or religious festival, for example, quickly became the chief occasion for the folk to gather and perform songs and dances. Then he proceeded to establish a Spanish town on Cebu Island, to convert the people to Roman Catholicism. They abused, overtaxed, cheated, and practically enslaved the Filipinos. Result of these are, we adapted their culture, traditions, and even their languages which we used until today. Whether this is true or not, historians seem to agree that the cross, rather than the sword, conquered the Filipinos. The sarswela, originally called zarzuela in Spanish, is a realistic musical drama usually depicting stories of love. Socioeconomic Imposition of tribute, bandala, and cedula personal Requirements of polo y servicio Establishment of government monopolies Limited agricultural and commercial development. The Barasoain Church, named the Cradle of Democracy in the East, is among the most important churches in the history of the Philippines. Their  only way of acquiring materials and properties was only through barter. After aiding Filipino revolutionaries to kick out … Longganisa is typically bought from the wet market and is cooked at home. The contribution of this mission work toward the advancement of education, culture, and architecture in general was enormous, although in later years the friars came to be considered as the opponents of the enlightenment of the people. By this system, pieces of territory, with their inhabitants and resources, were granted by the Spanish king to the colonizers as a reward for services to the Crown. Philippine Literature in the Spanish Colonial Period. What is visual communication and why it matters; Nov. 20, 2020 Before the discovery of the Philippines, Filipinos were Pagans – their gods and goddesses were embedded in nature. Although there is no direct link between the two, I believe that the practice of the Filipino Time also came from the Spanish. During the Spanish era, the Philippines (governed by the Spanish) had a government hierarchy primarily composed of the nacional, the alcaldia or encomienda, the pueblo, and the barrio. When a Filipino tribe was planning to have a revolution, the Spanish would send another group of Filipino tribes to conquer their fellow Filipinos, which results of creating a stronger sense of division. This festival is held during he month of May in honor of Reyna Elena and Constantine. Famous churches in the Philippines include: Located within the walls of Intramuros, the Manila Cathedral serves as the residence of the Archbishop of Manila. In the conflict, the progress of the nation was retarded, because the Spaniards spent much time and energy in quarreling among themselves instead of governing. Kaldereta means “cauldron” in Spanish. Nov. 21, 2020. Filipinos from the pre-colonial period honored women. Through this, Filipinos learned to work for money and use it to pay for their needs and, at the same time, there was also a standard amount of money to be paid by Filipinos to the government and to the church. In fact, the Philippines is now the 5th largest Christian country in the world. During the pre-colonial period, the Filipino people were divided – in culture and in state. What differentiates the Filipino picadillo from other versions is its soupy characteristic. The Spanish Colonization in the Philippines. The Spanish colonization of the Philippines from 1565 to 1898 brought about profound changes in the life and art of the Filipinos. Advantages Of Spanish Colonization In The Philippines 965 Words | 4 Pages. They improved and helped our country in many ways. During the Spanish colonization in the Philippines , the government was composed of two branches, the executive and the judicial. If the Spaniards did not colonize our country, we can’t have our religion today, the Christianity. Among these include the patriarchal culture. The women’s position in society was high; tribal laws and customs recognized her equality with the men in many respects. A Spanish expedition, sailing across the Pacific Ocean from east to west, and led by the Portuguese Ferdinand Magellan (died Apr 27, 1521) lands on Homonhon Island ea st of Sama r with three small ships, named the Concepcion, It has 17 regions, 122 cities, and 42,025 barangays. The missionary zeal to make the country an outpost of the Catholicism in spite of the fact that (even with unsparing exploitation), the Philippines was a financial liability as a colony. Codes of law governed their conduct. It was during these feasts, too, that the peasants indulged in such pastimes as drinking palm wine and cock-fighting. FRANCIS C. MACANSANTOS PRISCILLA S. MACANSANTOS The existing literature of the Philippine ethnic groups at the time of conquest and conversion into Christianity was mainly oral, consisting of epics, legends, songs, riddles, and proverbs. Punishments with varying degrees of severity were meted out to culprits whose offenses were tried in public courts presided over by the chiefs. This painting is now considered a national treasure and can be found in the National Museum. Kaldereta is a dish of meat stewed in tomato sauce with potatoes, liver, cheese, olives, bell pepper and chilli. The Spanish showed how advanced and strong they are in terms of technologies and how to handle a war. Each town was assigned a patron saint on whose birthday the festival was held. The Spanish Era in the Philippines When European traders, in search for a new route to the Spice Islands, stumbled into the Philippine archipelago in 1521, they found the people living in a comparatively high state of civilization.

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